目前，除了美國政府在去年7月宣布取消香港特殊待遇，發動多項對港制裁，並通過《香港人權及民主法案》，禁止侵害人權的中共官員入境之外，歐盟也在去年底通過「歐洲聯盟人權和民主行動計畫」（EU Action Plan on Human Rights and Democracy），預計對中共人權迫害者進一步提出制裁。此時的台灣，更應該跟上國際盟友的腳步，建立屬於台灣的香港人權及民主法案。
The Group of Democracies, Act NOW!
— Press release of the “Hong Kong Version of Formosa Incident” Press Conference convened by Taiwanese civil organizations and Hongkonger groups in Taiwan
The day before yesterday (January 6), China launched an unprecedented large-scale arrest in Hong Kong, as if an reiteration of the Kaohsiung Incident (Formosa Incident) experienced by Taiwan during its Martial Law period, the leaders of the Hong Kong pro-democracy dissidents were almost completely rounded-up. Since the early morning, thousands of Hong Kong police, in the name of Hong Kong’s National Security Law, have searched the residents of the 53 participants of the 2020 Hong Kong pro-democracy legislative primaries from last July. The police also raided the headquarter of the polling agency Hong Kong Public Opinion Research Institute, and required media, including Stand News, Hong Kong In-media, Apple Daily, Next Digital, to submit relevant documents within 7 days, in accordance with an "Order of Document Delivery" issued by the court. John Clancey, an American lawyer was also arrested, whose firm "Ho Tse Wai & Partners" was also raided by the police.
Since the implementation of the National Security Law, as many as 93 people have been arrested and among those, many have been prosecuted, including Tong Ying-kit who raised the banner of "Liberate Hong Kong, the revolution of our times”, the members of Studentlocalism, including 19-year-old activist Tony Chung among others, Ma Chun Man, a protester, and the founder of "Apple Daily", Jimmy Lai. The South China Morning Post also pointed out that more than 30 overseas Hong Kongers were listed as wanted in accordance with the National Security Law and became names on the "blacklist of exiles". Multiple organizations in the political sphere and other industries have announced their dissolution under political pressure.
Today (8th Jan), the Taiwanese civil organizations and groups of Hongkongers in Taiwan has invited the Hong Kong oversea leaders of democratic movement to hold the joint press conference together. Chiang Min-Yen, the Secretary General of Taiwan Citizen Front, called for an immediate action from the international community at the beginning requesting (1) immediate release of the detainees under the National Security Law of Hong Kong; (2) European Parliament’s suspension on the EU-China Comprehensive Agreement on Investment; and (3) Taiwanese Parliament passing the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Clause.
Electee of 2020 Hong Kong pro-democracy primaries Sunny Cheung, who had left Hong Kong and devoted himself to international initiatives, indicated that the massive wave of arrests initiated by the CCP had rendered Hong Kongers an oppressive impasse that is unprecedented. Almost all pro-democracy figures were simultaneously rounded up, meaning that participating in the primary is no longer a simple act of participating in the democratic process of a democratic country, but an act of "subversion of the state". This is a clear statement from the Beijing authority. The grasp will be increasingly tightened, and the local political situation in Hong Kong can only deteriorate monotonously.
Electee of Hong Kong pro-democracy primaries, Nathan Law, who currently resides in London in exile, indicated that Taiwan has exerted its support for Hong Kong in every sense. Whether inspired by the persistence of and sacrifices made by Taiwanese sages of democracy, or the solidarity and direct assistance of Taiwanese civil society and its government, these are the powers that fueled Hong Kongers to maintain their resilience in the darkness of authoritarianism.
Lai Chung-chiang, a lawyer and the convener of the Economic Democracy Union Think Tank, also mentioned that China had ignored condemnation from the international community, and initiated a ”legal Blitzkrieg” in the aim of suppressing Hong Kong's forces of opposition. This wave of massive arrest is already the second “blitzkrieg” and is indeed an attack by China on the entire world's democratic camp. Parallel to the blitzkrieg of the Nazis which challenged the European value on human rights, this second legal blitzkrieg of China is proposing a choice between honoring the value of human rights, or succumbing to short-term commercial interests of megacorporations.
Freddy Lim, legislator and the chair of the Taiwan Parliament Group For Hong Kong also reminded the people of Taiwan, that appeasing CCP’s suppression of democracy in Hong Kong is not acceptable. In democratic systems, parliamentary review of budgets, strict or loose, is a basic political right, which should not be regarded as a violation to the National Security Law. Lim added that he will continue to promote the Taiwanese version of the Magnitsky Act in the Legislative Yuan; Taiwan as a product of our historical trauma and experiences, have the duty to set a precedent in Asia, in the hope of forming consensus among other Asian countries.
Sang Pu, a lawyer and the chair of the Taiwan Hong Kong Association, said that in the foreseeable future, frequent political purges and repression will become the new normal, and more Hong Kongers will be subjected to prosecution, arrest, or the path to exile. An authoritarian “one country” cannot tolerate a democratic “two systems”. The Chinese authority under its ideology of heavenly mandate, will surely crush the freedom and rule of law of Hong Kong with its iron fist of dictatorship. China in the year 2021 is like the China we saw after 1949, arresting and quashing all those who oppose the CCP. This trend is also reflected in the fact that Hong Kong has now gradually sealing-off its internet access, similar to what China had done in 1950: prohibiting the flow of people and information.
The Secretary General of Taiwan Citizen Front Chiang Min-Yen described that China has been in the struggles on the competition on trade and technology in the past few years, and the Anti-extradition movement has raised the waves of resisting China around the world. Many policies and acts in favor of Hong Kong democracy and tackling the human rights abuses of China were introduced, and they had stroked the ambition of China’s expansion on authoritarianism. However, he worried about the transition of U.S. government is undergoing, and the upcoming Democrat government has not made a clear stand on its China issues; and the Chinese government and European Union have successfully signed the EU-China Comprehensive Agreement on Investment, which promised the promotion of investment in telecommunication, cloud services, biomedical sciences and traffics. He mentioned that the resistance of Chinese authoritarianism from the world democracies seems to be weakened and under the threat of degradation.
In conclusion, he noted that the slacking off of the international community on concern of China’s human rights abuses has made great opportunity for China putting massive crackdown on Hong Kong. China is gradually taking the dominance of the Hong Kong situation, and will grasp all remained free space by the abuse of police power and political prosecution. Right now, China is attempting to alter the global trend of resisting China by eliminating the resistance in Hong Kong , and we have to keep our concern about Hong Kong, and the global community have to unite and act NOW to stop China.”
Hence, civil organizations had jointly convened this press conference, submitting these three appeals:
Therefore, we raise the below appeals:
1. The Chinese and Hong Kong governments shall immediately abolish the National Security Law, and release all detainees who are framed into the crimes of national security.
During the 709 Crackdown on human rights lawyers in China in July 2015, hundreds of human rights lawyers and human rights defenders were arrested and disappeared. Nowadays in Hong Kong, similar incidents of pro-democratic activists being arrested happen in order to mute the people in Hong Kong. Such disgusting conducts of putting terror on people as a way of governance are absolutely shameful.
The Chinese and Hong Kong governments are already notorious on their human rights records. They shall immediately abolish the National Security Law and other legal tools of persecution that severely go against rule of law, and release all detained local citizens and foreigners.
2. European Union and Parliament shall suspend and reconsider the EU-China Comprehensive Agreement on Investment, and to confront the risk and negative impacts of National Security Law in EU-China investment and trade.
Although EU stated that the Agreement will follow the resolution of the EU Summit in October 2020, and stressed that the European countries are greatly concerned about the human rights situation in Hong Kong. The Agreement will also strictly apply the EU standards on labor to cope with the forced labor in East Turkistan (Xinjiang). However, it neither has clear response to the National Security Law, nor confronts the insanity of detention and crackdown under NSL in Hong Kong. The recent development of Hong Kong situation has shown that, China will keep rising its control on Hong Kong’s freedom and democracy if international community failed to keep pressuring against its human rights abuses; even so, EU insists to keep their economic ties with China regardless of the longstanding human rights standards of EU.
When EU incautiously signed the Agreement, it is a de facto encouragement on China’s continuous abuses on human rights, which has no benefit diplomatically and economically. Therefore, we request European Union to deliberately reconsider the Agreement, and the European Parliament to suspend the Agreement and look into the content once again. The Agreement would be meaningful only when China improve its human rights situation, carry out its promise of self-governance in Hong Kong, and include the necessary human rights clauses in the
Agreement, so that the human rights will be protected when both sides gain profits.
3. The Taiwanese government shall implement the “Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Clause” and to upgrade the policies assisting Hong Kong into clear-cut legislation.
It is Taiwan’s unshirkable responsibility to support Hong Kong. We’re not only the geographically nearest country to Hong Kong, but also the ally resisting China together. However, although the government and civil society of Taiwan have already launched the asylum program for Hongkongers, the Taiwanese government still need to set up resources, to develop overall mechanisms, and to push the administration to save necessary momentum to cope with the rapid deterioration of Hong Kong situation and the pandemic, so that it’ll be able to adapt to the large number of urgent needs when the border is open.
Moreover, Taiwan shall consider to include itself in the global sanction against China from the democracies. The U.S. revoked the special status of Hong Kong in July 2020, has launched numbers of sanction against China, passed the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act, and has banned some CCP officials to access to the United States. European Union passed the EU Action Plan on Human Rights and Democracy and is planning to implement further sanction against the human rights abusers of CCP. Taiwan shall catch up with the steps of the democratic allies, and build up its own act for Hong Kong human rights and democracy.
President Tsai Ing-wen has mentioned that the Art.60 of the Laws and Regulations Regarding Hong Kong & Macao Affairs might be used to suspend a part of or the full Law to revoke Hong Kong’s special status, if the situation keeps going down. However, while the situation is deteriorating, the support and aid from Taiwan to Hongkongers will be outstandingly critical. Therefore, the Taiwanese civil organizations and Hongkonger groups in Taiwan will jointly propose the bill of “Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Clause”, which is the amendment of the Art.60-1 of the Laws and Regulations Regarding Hong Kong & Macao Affairs. The regulation will require Administrative Yuan to report and evaluate on the Hong Kong situation annually, and draw up countermeasures. The clear legislation will further strengthen Taiwan’s policies to support Hong Kong.
｜Joint Civil Organizations:
Hong Kong Outlanders in Taiwan
Taiwan Association for Human Rights
Economic Democracy Union
Taiwan Citizen Front
Taiwan Hong Kong Association
New School for Democracy
Taiwan Youth Association for Democracy
Judicial Reform Foundation
Date: Friday, January 8th, 2021
Time: 09:00 - 10:00 am (GMT+8)
Venue: Room 101, Research Building, Legislative Yuan (No. 3-1, Jinan Rd. Sec. 1, Zhongzheng Dist., Taipei City)
Nathan Kwun Chung Law | Former member of Legislative Council of Hong Kong (attending online)
Sunny Cheung | Electee of 2020 Hong Kong pro-democracy primaries (attending online)
Freddy Lim | Member of Legislative Yuan
Lai Chung-chiang | Convener, Economic Democracy Union; Lawyer
Sang Pu | President, Taiwan Hong Kong Association
Chiang Min-Yen | Secretary General, Taiwan Citizen Front
Chiang Min-Yen | Secretary General, Taiwan Citizen Front
Penghsuan Lee | Chair, Hong Kong Outlanders in Taiwan